Health and environmental dangers of insulating gas-filled switchgear

Aug 08, 2017 · Sulfr hexafluoride gas, used as a dielectric medium in circuit breakers and switchgear, has a global warming potential 24 000 times greater than CO2 and some of its by-products were used as chemical weapons in World War I. In life, in business, in the ordinary course of doing things, there is a certain level of risk […]Get price

Global Emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride and the Costs of Reducing Them: EPA’s

Emissions = RAND sales to utilities + nameplate capacity of retiring equip. (40-year life) + 16% add-on for Russia and China (not in RAND)-U.S., Japanese, EU-25+3 emissions These emissions are allocated to countries according to their net electricity consumption.Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf 6 are rising

Oct 24, 2019 · Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price


through limiting the growth in global GHG emissions, with South Africa contributing its fair share to emission reductions, there will be other implications for the country. As one of the top 20 global emitters, with a high dependency on fossil fuels, substantial emission cuts will be required. The rapid transition that will be requiredGet price

African cities ought to cut climate emissions to zero

African cities ought to cut climate emissions to zero In 2018 eight cities from Accra to Dar es Salaam pledged to deliver their share of emissions cuts needed to meet global targets to limit climate change .Africa is sometimes better known for its vulnerability to climate change than its action on the problem - but a set-Get price

Africa | International Council on Clean Transportation

South Africanew passenger vehicle CO2 emission standards: Baseline determination and benefits assessment 2018.01.17 A transparent assessment of the current new passenger vehicle market in South Africa in terms of CO 2 emissions, and provides an evaluation of the benefits of adopting fuel economy and CO 2 emission standards in those vehicles.Get price

Regulation of Air Pollution: South Africa -

Dec 30, 2020 · In 2000, average energy use emissions for developing countries constituted 49% of total emissions, whereas South Africas [sic] energy use emissions constituted just under 80% of total emissions. Even in some fast-developing countries with a similar reliance on coal for energy, energy use emissions are lower than South Africa.Get price

Africa - Brookings

Aug 18, 2016 · Africa is the continent that contributes the least to global warming in both absolute and per capita terms. Africa accounts for the smallest share of global greenhouse gas emissions—3.8 percent.Get price

Unilever sets out new actions to fight climate change, and

Jun 15, 2020 · London/Rotterdam - Today, Unilever set out a new range of measures and commitments designed to improve the health of the planet by taking even more decisive action to fight climate change, and protect and regenerate nature, to preserve resources for future generations. Unilever will achieve Net Zero emissions from all our products by 2039.Get price

Paul Jorgensen - Head of Climate Action Planning Africa - C40

Mar 17, 2015 · Head of the C40 Climate Action Planning Africa Programme. Helping the cities of Johannesburg, Cape Town, eThekwini, Tshwane, Dar es Salaam, Nairobi, Addis Ababa, Lagos, Accra, Abidjan and Dakar develop ambitious, evidence-based climate action plans, outlining their pathway to net zero emissions, understanding climate change risk, and to accelerate implementation of inclusive transformativeGet price

A Big Oil Project in Africa Threatens Fragile Okavango Region

Apr 22, 2021 · A Canadian company is drilling exploratory wells in Namibia for what could be a major oil and gas find. Local residents and conservationists fear the project could use up scarce water supplies and cause widespread ecological disruption downstream in the world-renowned Okavango Delta.Get price

South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 - while

Sep 16, 2020 · South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 – while still burning coal. In a low emissions strategy, South Africa flagged an aspiration to become a net zero economy by 2050, but its energy plan foresees a continued role for coal. The South African cabinet has approved a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, but it still plans to burn coal on this date.Get price

Current Policy Projections | Climate Action Tracker

South Africa thus overachieves the upper range of its NDC target. In this context, South Africa could consider revising its target for 2030 downward and resubmit it to the UNFCCC as part of the Paris Agreement’s ambition raising cycle of 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on emissions in South Africa remains subject to high uncertainty.Get price

About - IEA

Areas of work. Our work spans a variety of programmes and initiatives, helping ensure energy security, tracking clean energy transitions, collecting data, or providing training around the worldGet price

WindEurope - Wind energy and Sulfr hexafluoride in perspective

Oct 04, 2019 · The sf6 gas leakage therefore represents around 0.001% of the emissions avoided thanks to wind energy every year. A way forward. Renewables are at the heart of decarbonising Europeenergy supply and European countries and businesses are strongly committed to reducing their own CO2 footprint as we move towards net-zero emissions.Get price

South Africa CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

Fossil CO2 emissions in South Africa were 390,557,850 tons in 2016. CO2 emissions decreased by -0.49% over the previous year, representing a dicrease by -1,909,370 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 392,467,220 tons. CO2 emissions per capita in South Africa are equivalent to 6.95 tons per person (based on a population of 56,207,646 in 2016 ), a dicrease by -0.14 over the figure of 7.09 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of -1.9% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

Climate change – engagement in action | UBS Global

At the end of 2019, the company committed to undertake a global review of lobbying activities by Q3 2020 and pursue positive lobbying dialogue on climate change. The company has also committed to net zero emissions by 2050 in alignment with the Paris Agreement, becoming the first oil gas company to do so.Get price


gas emissions, just after the energy generation sector. Transport emitted 61 Mt CO 2 in 2013 and accounts for about 13% of total emissions, which is primarily due to South Africa’s heavy dependence on fossil fuels. The energy sector, due to its reliance on coal, is responsible for around 66% of all emissions (Department of Environmental Affairs,Get price

Research meets the challenge of measuring urban carbon emissions

May 17, 2021 · A group of scientists and urban-policy specialists have laid out seven key service sectors that city leaders can evaluate to gauge — and reduce — their carbon emissions.Get price

United Nations Fact Sheet on Climate Change - Africa is

According to the World Resources Institute, Africa’s per capita emissions of carbon dioxide in the year 2000 were 0.8 metric tons per person, compared with a global figure of 3.9 tons per person. Nevertheless, African countries can and are pursuing win-win policies that can minimize their greenhouse emissions while tackling urban pollutionGet price

The Case for Clarifying Zero Emissions and Decarbonisation

Jun 02, 2020 · Hapag-Lloyd Intensifies Competition in East Africa With New Service. Published May 25, 2021 11:03 PM by The Maritime Executive East Africa is set to witness increase in competition among shippingGet price

Home Page-California Energy Commission

The California Energy Commission is leading the state to a 100 percent clean energy future. As the stateprimary energy policy and planning agency, the Energy Commission is committed to reducing energy costs and environmental impacts of energy use while ensuring a safe, resilient, and reliable supply of energy.Get price

Global Anthropogenic Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions: 1990

Emissions from this source have grown in Central and South America, non-OECD Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Emissions in the OECD have remained flat, while emissions in non-OECD Europe and Eurasia have dropped by half between 1990 and 2005. Total N2O emissions from agricultural soils are presented in Table 5-1.Get price

West African Countries Introduce Emissions Standards in Fuels

The standards aim to limit emissions and air pollution in the five West African countries. In September 2016, the NGO Public Eye released findings showing that European trading companies had exploited West Africa’s regulatory standards by exporting fuels with sulphur levels up to 300 times higher than levels permitted in Europe.Get price

How buildings and construction sector can reach net zero

Sep 23, 2019 · As part of the 10 th annual World Green Building Week, the World Green Building Council (WorldGBC) has issued a bold new vision for how buildings and infrastructure around the world can reach 40% less embodied carbon emissions by 2030, and achieve 100% net zero emissions buildings by 2050.Get price

Transport Decarbonization: How Do We Make the Economics Work?

Dec 15, 2020 · Changes around climate commitments and actions towards zero carbon emissions globally may be slow. Still, more than 20 countries have already committed to 100 percent emission-free transport., with many countries focusing their efforts on phasing out fossil fuel cars. But these commitments can only be realized through strong political will andGet price

Bloodhound to blast its way into record books with zero

Jan 27, 2020 · By Siobhan Doyle. Published Monday, January 27, 2020. The Bloodhound LSR team has announced plans to challenge for the land speed record using a zero-emissions rocket as part of the next phase of its programme, following successful high-speed tests in South Africa last November. The land speed record car has returned to the UK Land Speed Centre, Bloodhound’s HQ in Gloucestershire, after having successfully completed its crucial high-speed tests in South Africa.Get price

DreamLab -

2 days ago · DreamLab is a specialist app, developed by Vodafone Foundation Australia, that uses the processing power of smartphones to help analyse complex data while their owners sleep, to speed up cancer and coronavirus research.Get price

Carbon removal experts support splitting "net zero" into twin

May 11, 2021 · The main concern is that such targets might rely on unfeasibly high levels of carbon removal from the air, giving an excuse to delay or avoid cutting emissions. In a survey of 300 experts, we found the overwhelming majority favour separating emission reduction and carbon removal targets to improve transparency around these goals.Get price