CanadaOfficial Greenhouse Gas Inventory - Open Government

Canada’s official national greenhouse gas inventory is prepared and submitted annually to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by April 15 of each year, in accordance with the revised Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories (UNFCCCGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density of 6.12 g/L at sea level conditions, considerably higher than the density of air. It is generally transported as a liquefied compressed gas. The concentration of SF 6 in Earthtroposphere reached 10 parts per trillion in year 2019, rising at 0.35 ppt/year. The increase over the prior 40 years was driven in large part by the expanding electric power sector, including fugiGet price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

In December 2009, EPA published the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule, codified at 40 . CFR Part 98, that requires large U.S. greenhouse gas emitters and suppliers to monitor and report annual greenhouse gas emissions. 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2017). “Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks, 1990-2015.”Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions: sector-specific guidance - Canada

Oct 29, 2013 · Metal Mining - Guidance Manual for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Note: Emissions factors have been updated since the publication of these documents. Please contact Environment Canada for the updated emission factors.Get price

Reporting greenhouse gas emissions - Canada.ca

Feb 13, 2021 · Under the authority of the Section 46 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA), operators of facilities that meet the criteria specified in the annual notice with respect to reporting of greenhouse gases, published in the Canada Gazette, are required to report facility greenhouse gas emissions to Environment and Climate Change Canada by the annual June 1st reporting deadline.Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf 6 are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as insulating gas – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Projections - Open

Apr 18, 2018 · We publish Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutant emissions projections each year. The GHG emissions projections help us measure progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change. GHG emissions projections are presented for a few scenarios. The air pollutant projections reflect our action to reduce air pollution.Get price

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Greenhouse Gas

Sulfur hexafluoride is a commonly used insulator in electricity transmission and distribution equipment. Because of its high global warming potential (GWP), CARB adopted the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear in 2010.Get price

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs)

Since 2000, there has been a decoupling between the growth of Canada’s economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 2000 and 2018, Canada’s GHG emissions decreased by 0.4%, GHG emissions decreased 31% per dollar of GDP and 20% per capita (largely due to technological improvements, regulations, and more efficient practices and equipment).Get price

GHG emissions and electricity | Hydro-Québec

As indicated in the National Inventory Report : Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Environment Canada considers such emissions to be related to a land-use change. Part 3 of the National Inventory Report gives electricity GHG emissions by province and territory.Get price

PGE Phases Out Sulfr hexafluoride Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride | F6S - PubChem

Sulfur hexafluoride is a sulfur coordination entity consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is the most potent greenhouse gas currently known, with a global warming potential of 23,900 times that of CO2 over a 100 year period (sf 6 has an estimated lifetime in the atmosphere of between 800 and 3,000 years).Get price

Tracking Down the Greenhouse Gas gaz sf6 with Infrared Thermography

sf 6 Gas Detection 0.4 0.7 1 µm 2 µm 5 µm 10 µm 13 µm SW MW LW The Electromagnetic Spectrum Infrared energy is part of the electromagnetic spectrum and behaves similarly to visible light.Get price

Grid switchgear uses sf6 gas, the world’s most potent greenhouse

Nov 25, 2019 · Sulphur Hexafluoride (insulating gas) is described as the world’s worst greenhouse gas. It’s 23,500 times more potent than CO2. Global annual emissions are 8,100 tonnes, equivalent to the CO2 emissions of 100m cars. It has an atmospheric lifetime of over 1,000 years and its installed base is expected to grow by 75% by 2030.Get price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 13, 2019 · Itthe most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned. Sulphur hexafluoride, or sf 6, is widely used in the electricalGet price

E.ON plans to eliminate greenhouse gas in gas-insulated

Solutions Mobility for Companies. E.ON Drive Booster E.ON Optimum Energy for your Business Gas Solutions. News EventsGet price

Main Greenhouse Gases | Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

Main Greenhouse Gases. Multiple gases contribute to the greenhouse effect that sets Earth’s temperature over geologic time. Small changes in the atmospheric concentration of these gases can lead to changes in temperature that make the difference between ice ages when mastodons roamed the Earth, and the sweltering heat in which the dinosaurs lived.Get price

EU legislation to control F-gases | Climate Action

26/09/2011 - COM (2011) 581 - Report from the Commission on the application, effects and adequacy of the Regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (Regulation (EC) No 842/2006) 2006 F-gas Regulation. 17/05/2006 - Commission Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain fluorinated greenhouse gasesGet price

Greenhouse gases - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Aug 25, 2020 · Sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) Other greenhouse gases not counted in U.S. or international greenhouse gas inventories are water vapor and ozone. Water vapor is the most abundant greenhouse gas, but most scientists believe that water vapor produced directly by human activity contributes very little to the amount of waterGet price

Gas-Insulated Substations - GIS

Nov 10, 2010 · Superior Dielectric Gas. A gas-insulated substation (GIS) uses a superior dielectric gas, sf 6, at moderate pressure for phase-tophase and phase-to-ground insulation.The high voltage conductors, circuit breaker interrupters, switches, current transformers, and voltage transformers are in Sulfr hexafluoride gas inside grounded metal enclosures.Get price

SC 2018, c 12, s 186 | Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act. S.C. 2018, c. 12, s. 186 Assented to 2018-06-21. An Act to mitigate climate change through the pan-Canadian application of pricing mechanisms to a broad set of greenhouse gas emission sources and to make consequential amendments to other ActsGet price

insulating gas gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

May 01, 2013 · In this issue, we discuss the use of Sulfr hexafluoride (sulfur hexafluoride) gas in medium-voltage switchgear. sf 6 has been widely used in high-voltage circuit breakers for decades, but its use in medium-voltage is relatively recent. In the medium-voltage arena, SIemens uses Sulfr hexafluoride gas in the load interrupting switch and switch-disconnector in SIMOSEC metal-enclosed load interrupter switchgear rated up to 27.6 kV. Characteristics and propertiesGet price

TechTopics No. 53 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

A CIGRE working group, WG23.02, studied SF 6 use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride gas into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1 percent of the total global warming potential of gases in the atmosphere (as of 1999).Get price

Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF ) Awareness

6 is an extremely potent greenhouse gas. BACKGROUND Sulfur hexafluoride is a colorless, odorless, non-toxic synthetic gas commonly used to insulate electrical equipment. Equipment such as circuit breakers, current-interruption equipment, transmission lines, transformers, and substations account for over 80% of the annual use of SFGet price

Could renewables be emitting the most potent greenhouse gas

Sep 16, 2019 · The gas is said to have the highest global warming potential of any known substance – scientists say it is 23,500 times more potent than carbon dioxide and can last in the atmosphere for up toGet price

Green Gas to Replace sf6 gas in Electrical Grids - IEEE Journals

Apr 12, 2016 · Green Gas to Replace sf6 gas in Electrical Grids Abstract: Environmental considerations are increasingly taking a front seat in all arenas of our daily lives-political, industrial and societal. Not least among the major concerns are global warming and the greenhouse gases that contribute to it, as their concentration in the air reaches new heights.Get price

Global warming potential - Wikipedia

While the absorption of infrared radiation by many greenhouse gases varies linearly with their abundance, a few important ones display non-linear behaviour for current and likely future abundances (e.g., CO 2, CH 4, and N 2 O). For those gases, the relative radiative forcing will depend upon abundance and hence upon the future scenario adopted.Get price

TOOLS FOR THE SIMULATION OF INTERNAL ARC EFFECTS IN MV AND HV

Air and gaz sf6 give the same direction and flow distribution of the gas exhaust in the installation room. The probability of indicator ignition might be comparable Sulfr hexafluoride, after 1s air, after 1s air, after 1.8s Sulfr hexafluoride, after 1.8s Photographic impressions of the release of hot gases as a result of arcing in SF 6 and airGet price

Green Energy Has a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Problem, but

Sep 16, 2019 · However, one kilogram of insulating gas produces the global heating equivalent of 23,500 kg of carbon dioxide according to most recent estimates. To put that in perspective, one kilogram of gaz sf6 adds the carbon equivalent of 24 people flying round trips from New York to London, as the BBC reported. For the most part, gaz sf6 is well contained, but leaks are hard to notice, and in 2017, leaks in the European Union were equivalent to putting 1.3 million more cars on the road, as the BBC reported.Get price