CanadaOfficial Greenhouse Gas Inventory - Open Government

Canada’s official national greenhouse gas inventory is prepared and submitted annually to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by April 15 of each year, in accordance with the revised Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories (UNFCCCGet price

Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Projections - Open

Apr 18, 2018 · We publish Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutant emissions projections each year. The GHG emissions projections help us measure progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change. GHG emissions projections are presented for a few scenarios. The air pollutant projections reflect our action to reduce air pollution.Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions: sector-specific guidance - Canada

Oct 29, 2013 · Metal Mining - Guidance Manual for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions Note: Emissions factors have been updated since the publication of these documents. Please contact Environment Canada for the updated emission factors.Get price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

In December 2009, EPA published the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule, codified at 40 . CFR Part 98, that requires large U.S. greenhouse gas emitters and suppliers to monitor and report annual greenhouse gas emissions. 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2017). “Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks, 1990-2015.”Get price

Reporting greenhouse gas emissions - Canada.ca

Feb 13, 2021 · Under the authority of the Section 46 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA), operators of facilities that meet the criteria specified in the annual notice with respect to reporting of greenhouse gases, published in the Canada Gazette, are required to report facility greenhouse gas emissions to Environment and Climate Change Canada by the annual June 1st reporting deadline.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride worries: The most potent and persistent greenhouse gas

Sep 23, 2019 · It is not well known, but the most potent greenhouse gas is, surprisingly, neither carbon dioxide nor methane, but a colorless, odorless, and inert gas known as sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6). With a global warming potential 23,900 times that of CO2 and being synthetic in nature (it is not absorbed on destroyed naturally), rising sf6 gas concentrationsGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas Sulfr hexafluoride are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as Sulfr hexafluoride – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density of 6.12 g/L at sea level conditions, considerably higher than the density of air. It is generally transported as a liquefied compressed gas. The concentration of SF 6 in Earthtroposphere reached 10 parts per trillion in year 2019, rising at 0.35 ppt/year. The increase over the prior 40 years was driven in large part by the expanding electric power sector, including fugiGet price

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs)

Since 2000, there has been a decoupling between the growth of Canada’s economy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Between 2000 and 2018, Canada’s GHG emissions decreased by 0.4%, GHG emissions decreased 31% per dollar of GDP and 20% per capita (largely due to technological improvements, regulations, and more efficient practices and equipment).Get price

GHG emissions and electricity | Hydro-Québec

As indicated in the National Inventory Report : Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada, Environment Canada considers such emissions to be related to a land-use change. Part 3 of the National Inventory Report gives electricity GHG emissions by province and territory.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride | F6S - PubChem

Sulfur hexafluoride is a sulfur coordination entity consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is the most potent greenhouse gas currently known, with a global warming potential of 23,900 times that of CO2 over a 100 year period (insulating gas has an estimated lifetime in the atmosphere of between 800 and 3,000 years).Get price

PGE Phases Out gaz sf6 Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculator - Calculations and

Applying the Step 2 calculation to data developed by the USDA Forest Service for the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2018 yields a result of 200 metric tons of carbon per hectare (or 81 metric tons of carbon per acre) for the carbon stock density of U.S. forests in 2018, with an annual net change in carbon stock perGet price

TOOLS FOR THE SIMULATION OF INTERNAL ARC EFFECTS IN MV AND HV

Air and gaz sf6 give the same direction and flow distribution of the gas exhaust in the installation room. The probability of indicator ignition might be comparable Sulfr hexafluoride, after 1s air, after 1s air, after 1.8s Sulfr hexafluoride, after 1.8s Photographic impressions of the release of hot gases as a result of arcing in SF 6 and airGet price

Main Greenhouse Gases | Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

Main Greenhouse Gases. Multiple gases contribute to the greenhouse effect that sets Earth’s temperature over geologic time. Small changes in the atmospheric concentration of these gases can lead to changes in temperature that make the difference between ice ages when mastodons roamed the Earth, and the sweltering heat in which the dinosaurs lived.Get price

Greenhouse gases - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Aug 25, 2020 · Sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas) Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) Other greenhouse gases not counted in U.S. or international greenhouse gas inventories are water vapor and ozone. Water vapor is the most abundant greenhouse gas, but most scientists believe that water vapor produced directly by human activity contributes very little to the amount of waterGet price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 13, 2019 · Itthe most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned. Sulphur hexafluoride, or sf 6, is widely used in the electricalGet price

AC High Voltage Circuit Breakers - IEEE Web Hosting

6 –Pressure –Density Temperature Considering a filling pressure of 7,5 bar (g). at 20°C, liquefaction occurs when temperature reaches -25°C, the residual gas density corresponds to 6.49 bar (g) at 20°C. Partial liquefaction is acceptable for AIS but generally not for GIS. Temperature in service / SF 6 pressure HV Circuit Breaker –Service ConditionsGet price

Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator | Natural Resources

Enables calculation of grenhouse gas equivalencies. Did you ever wonder what reducing carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions by 1 million metric tons means in everyday terms?The greenhouse gas (GHG) equivalencies calculator can help you understand just that, translating abstract measurements and emissions data into concrete terms, such as the annual emissions from cars or households.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act

Gas Global Warming Potential; 1: Carbon dioxide, which has the molecular formula CO 2: 1: 2: Methane, which has the molecular formula CH 4: 25: 3: Nitrous oxide, which has the molecular formula N 2 O: 298: 4: Sulfur hexafluoride, which has the molecular formula SF 6: 22,800: 5: Nitrogen trifluoride, which has the molecular formula NF 3: 17,200: 6Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride | Sustainable Community Action | Fandom

Synthesis and ReactionsApplicationsGreenhouse GasPhysiological Effects and PrecautionsOther PropertiesSee AlsoFurther ReadingExternal Linkssf 6 can be prepared from the elements through exposure of S8 to F2. This was also the method used by the discoverers Henri Moissan and Paul Lebeau in 1901. Some other sulfur fluorides are cogenerated, but these are removed by heating the mixture to disproportionate any S2F10 (which is highly toxic) and then scrubbing the product with NaOH to destroy remaining SF4. There is virtually no reaction chemistry for sf 6. A main contribution to the inertness of sf6 gas is the steric hindrance of the sulfur atom, whereas its heavier group 16 counterparts, such as SeF6 are more reactive than sf 6 as a result of less steric hindrance (See hydrolysis example). It does not react with molten sodium, but reacts exothermically with lithium.Get price

Greenhouse gases still the 'elephant in the room', as Quebec

Oct 27, 2020 · Quebecenvironmental review board is analyzing a $9-billion natural gas project in Saguenay, but many participants are critical that greenhouse gas emissions from the fracking used to extractGet price

insulating gas gas in medium-voltage switchgear | TD Guardian Articles

May 01, 2013 · The emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and sf 6 for 2000 are shown in the EPA report as having 2% of the global warming potential of all greenhouse gas emissions. A CIGRE working group WG23.02 studied insulating gas use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride has into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1% of the totalGet price

Greenhouse gas - Wikipedia

Gases in EarthAtmosphereImpacts on The Overall Greenhouse EffectNatural and Anthropogenic SourcesRole of Water VaporRemoval from The AtmosphereHistory of Scientific ResearchBibliographyExternal LinksNon-greenhouse gasesGet price

SC 2018, c 12, s 186 | Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act

Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act. S.C. 2018, c. 12, s. 186 Assented to 2018-06-21. An Act to mitigate climate change through the pan-Canadian application of pricing mechanisms to a broad set of greenhouse gas emission sources and to make consequential amendments to other ActsGet price

TechTopics No. 53 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

A CIGRE working group, WG23.02, studied SF 6 use in the electric industry, and estimated that the electrical emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride gas into the atmosphere accounted for approximately 0.1 percent of the total global warming potential of gases in the atmosphere (as of 1999).Get price

Global warming potential - Wikipedia

Global warming potential (GWP) is the heat absorbed by any greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, as a multiple of the heat that would be absorbed by the same mass of carbon dioxide (CO 2). GWP is 1 for CO 2. For other gases it depends on the gas and the time frame. Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO 2 e or CO 2 eq or CO 2-e) is calculated from GWP. ItGet price

Properties - American Chemical Society

In the context of contributions of different gases to atmospheric warming the concept of global warming potential (GWP) can be useful. GWP is a measure of how much energy a greenhouse gas would add to atmospheric warming in a given time compared to CO 2. A molecule’s GWP depends on three factors: the wavelengths where the molecule absorbs.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Federal Buildings | WBDG - Whole

A. Overview of Greenhouse GasesB. GHG Benchmarking StrategiesC. GHG Reduction StrategiesD. Applicable Federal Regulation and Legislation as They Relate to GHG ReductionGreenhouse gasrefers to any gas that traps heat in the atmosphere through the greenhouse effect. Some GHG emissions are the result of both natural occurrences and the result of human activities, while others are exclusively emitted through human activities. Those emitted exclusively through human activities are known as anthropogenic gases, and they are the main focus of GHG reduction efforts. The principal greenhouse gases are: 1. Carbon Dioxide (CO2)Although trace quantities are found naturally in ambient air, the emission of this gas is primarily from fossil fuel combustion from activities including electricity generation, transportation, manufacturing (e.g., cement), and municipal solid waste combustion. Carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere have risen by almost 35% since the Industrial Revolution. 2. Methane (CH4) is emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil, from the decomposition of organic wastes in municipal solid waste landfills, a...Get price

Carbon tetrafluoride | CF4 - PubChem

Excerpt from ERG Guide 126 [Gases - Compressed or Liquefied (Including Refrigerant Gases)]: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite.Get price