Nigeria - Greenhouse gas emissions - IndexMundi

Other Greenhouse Gas Emissions, HFC, PFC and Sulfr hexafluorideOther Greenhouse Gas EmissionsTotal Greenhouse Gas EmissionsThe value for Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and sf 6 (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) in Nigeria was 92,587 as of 2012. As the graph below shows, over the past 42 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 176,995 in 2005 and a minimum value of -8,630 in 1974. Definition: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/. See also: 1. Thematic map 2. Country comparison 3. Country ranking 4. More details 5. Download data to ExcelGet price

world Ranking: Sulfr hexafluoride gas (sulfur hexafluoride) emissions

Mar 20, 2021 · "Sulfr hexafluoride gas (sulfur hexafluoride) emissions" of 58 countries are ranked in the world and listed in the table. The top-ranked country is China, with data of 57,054([kt]); 2nd is United States of America with 41,202([kt]); and 3rd is Russian Federation with 9592([kt]).Get price

Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from

Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF 6) Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a potent greenhouse gas 23,900 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide (CO 2) One pound of SF 6 emitted is equivalent to 11 tonnes of CO 2 80% of California’s SF 6 emissions come from gas insulated electrical switchgearGet price

Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from

Apr 01, 2016 · Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear The document below was a presentation conducted at the 2014 Workshop for sf6 gas Emission Reduction Strategies. You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page.Get price

Fuel Quality and Emission Standard Developments in Africa

Vehicle Emission Standards in Africa • Rwanda applies different emissions standards depending on vehicle class Difficult to introduce emission standards considering undeveloped institutional and monitoring systems Sulfur Limit for Gasoline/ Diesel 10 ppm 50 ppm 100-150/350 ppm 500 ppm 1,000 ppm Morocco (diesel) Kenya and Tanzania (dieselGet price

PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE REGULATION FOR REDUCING SULFUR

REGULATION FOR REDUCING SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE EMISSIONS FROM GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR . Resolution 20-28 . September 24, 2020 . Agenda Item No.: 20-9-2 . WHEREAS, sections 39600 and 39601 of the Health and Safety Code authorize the . California Air Resources Board (CARB or Board) to adopt standards, rules andGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Identifying, Quantifying and Controlling Emissions of Sulfur

Emissions of Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) from Electrical Equipment in Maryland November 2005 MARYLAND POWER PLANT RESEARCH PROGRAM . DNR 12-12142005-83 PPRP-138Get price

Appendix I – Air Emissions Calculations and Methodology

Oct 31, 2014 · diesel fuel with 0.1 percent sulfur to use within the Emission Control Areas. However, vessels that fuel at U.S. ports will only have available ultra low sulfur diesel, containing no more than 0.0015 percent by weight. Table 1. Summary of Harbor Craft and OGV Emission Factors, Corrected for 15 Parts per Million Sulfur Content inGet price

East Asia’s First Mandatory Emissions Trading System

Mar 19, 2020 · Korean Emission Trading System (KETS) has been in operation since January 2015, becoming East Asia’s first nationwide mandatory ETS and the second-largest carbon market after the EU ETS. KETS is designed to play an important role in meeting Korea’s 2030 NDC target of 37% below BAU emissions and is now in its second phase, which runs fromGet price

METHODS Of ANALYZING FUGITIVE EMISSIONS IN THE NIGER DELTA

In Nigeria, according to the second national communication of the country greenhouse gas inventory to the united nation framework convention on climate change in 2014 by the Federal Ministry of Environment, Nigeria contributed about 214.21 million tones of CO 2 to the atmosphere in the year 2000 and as expected, the energy sector (fuel combustion and fugitive emissions) contributed the largestGet price

Sulfr hexafluoride Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems

greenhouse gas emissions, including the SF. 6. Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. This partnership is one of a suite of non-CO. 2. programs that target the high global warming potential (GWP) greenhouse gases (e.g., hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs)). Sulfur hexafluoride (SF. 6) isGet price

Responsible handling of sulphur hexafluoride - WIKA blog

Oct 11, 2016 · In order to increase accountability with the handling of SF 6 gas and to reduce emissions through careless handling, Article 10 of the F-gas regulation prescribes required training measures. Training and certification. People who carry out work in connection with sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) gas must now be specifically trained and certifiedGet price

Sulfur Hexafluoride (sf6 gas) Basics | Electric Power Systems

Greenhouse Gas. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a synthetic fluorinated compound with an extremely stable molecular structure.Because of its unique dielectric properties, electric utilities rely heavily on SF 6 in electric power systems for voltage electrical insulation, current interruption, and arc quenching in the transmission and distribution of electricity.Get price

A Model for Estimating Future Emissions of Sulfur

Sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride), perfluoromethane (CF4) and perfluoroethane (C2F6) are strong greenhouse gases with long (1000 year) atmospheric residence times. We derive emission factors for the major anthropogenic sources and project future emissions for 5 regions and the world. Although firms in many industrialized countries are already limiting emissions, without further policy interventionGet price

Sulfur Hexaflouride | Office of Environment, Health and Safety

Sulfur Hexaflouride Possession of Purchases. Due to its extreme global warming potential, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) passed a regulation restricting Sulfur Hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) gas emissions, pursuant to the California Global Warning Solutions Act of 2006.Get price

Fugitive Emissions | Department of Energy

DOE is committed to using science, technology, and effective management to minimize fugitive emissions throughout the Department. To assist in achieving this goal the Department created the Fugitive Emissions' Working Group (FEWG). The Office of Sustainable Environmental Stewardship establishedGet price

Electric Power Systems Partnership | Fluorinated Gas

Emission SourcesMitigation OptionsRelevant LinksFrequent QuestionsThe most common use for Sulfr hexafluoride, both domestically and internationally, is as an electrical insulator in high voltage equipment that transmits and distributes electricity. Since the 1950’s, the U.S. electric power industry has used Sulfr hexafluoridein circuit breakers, gas-insulated substations and other switchgear used in the transmission system to manage the high voltages carried between generating stations and customer load centers. Several factors affect gaz sf6 emissions from electric power systems, such as the type and age of the sf 6-containing equipment (e.g., old circuit breakers can contain up to 2,000 pounds of insulating gas, while modern breakers usually contain less than 100 pounds) and the handling and maintenance procedures practiced by electric utilities. Because of its long life span and high global warming potential (GWP), even a relatively small amount of insulating gascan impact the climate. The electric power industry uses roughly 80 percent of all sf6 gas produced worldwide. Ideally, none of this gas would b...Get price

Appendix A Proposed Regulatory Language Division 3. AIR

The purpose of this Subarticle is to reduce sulfur hexafluoride emissions pursuant to the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Health and Safety Code, sections 38500 et.seq.).Get price

Air Pollution Control Rules | Wisconsin DNR

Also under the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) created federal regulations that Wisconsin air pollution control rules must reflect. Proposed rules Public participation is a critical component of agency rulemaking and we value your involvement in the DNRrulemaking activities.Get price

2010 Proposed Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride

Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear To be considered by the Air Resources Board on February 25, 2010, at: California Environmental Protection Agency Headquarters Building 1001 I Street Byron Sher Auditorium Sacramento, California . This report has been prepared by the staff of the Air Resources Board. PublicationGet price

NRDC: The Clean Air Act - 40 Years of Science-Based Public

The Clean Air Act 40 Years of Science-Based Public Health Protection PoLLUTANTs LisTED by THE EPA UNDER THE CLEAN AiR ACT: 1970 National Ambient Air Quality Standard: Particulate Matter, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Sulfur Dioxide, Ozone 1971-1990 NAAQS: Lead New Source Performance Standards: Sulfur Dioxide, Nitrogen Oxides, ParticulateGet price

Proposed Amendments to the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur

Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF 6) is an Extremely Potent Greenhouse Gas SF 6 is more potent than any other greenhouse gas Gas insulated switchgear is the largest source of SF 6 emissions in the State SF 6 can be recycled, but any releases will stay in the atmosphere over 3,000 years CALIFORNIA AIR RESOURCES BOARD Greenhouse GasGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride - NIST

Infrared SpectrumReferencesNotesGo To: Top, References, Notes Data compilation copyrightby the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A.All rights reserved. Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. LaffertyGet price

Toxic substances list: sulphur hexafluoride - Canada.ca

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) is a synthetic (i.e., human-made) gas that is colourless, odorless, non-toxic (except when exposed to extreme temperatures), and non-flammable. It is heavier than air and hence stays close to the ground upon release which can cause death by suffocation if large quantities are involved.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Minnesota: 1970-2006

We report only emissions of those GHGs named in the Next Generation Energy Act: carbon di-oxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride), and two classes of compounds known collectively as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs). We report emissions of all GHGs in both nominal and CO2-equivalent tons.Get price

NOTE: Authority cited: Sections 38501, 38510, 38560, 38560.5

Subarticle 3. Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions § 95340 Purpose. The purpose of this Subarticle is to reduce sulfur hexafluoride emissions pursuant to the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (Health and Safety Code, sections 38500 et.seq.).Get price

New Zealand - sulfur hexafluoride emission volume 2017 | Statista

Nov 10, 2020 · "Volume of sulfur hexafluoride emissions in New Zealand from 2008 to 2017 (in 1,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent)." Chart. June 27, 2019. Statista. Accessed April 19, 2021. wwwGet price

DISSOCIATION OF SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE TRACER GAS IN THE

Dec 22, 2005 · As an odorless, non-toxic, and inert compound, sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas) is one of the most widely used tracer gases in indoor air quality studies in both controlled and uncontrolled environments. This compound may be subject to hydrolysis under elevated temperature to form acidic inorganic compounds such hydrogen fluoride and sulfuric acid.Get price

Sulfur Hexafluoride - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) is an inert, volatile tracer and has been deliberately added to water bodies to determine k w. Experiments in enclosed lakes showed a good correlation between k w and wind speed and a parameterization of k w developed from these studies predicts a similar global mean (12 cm h −1 ) to that obtained from the radon data.Get price